arXiv: Astrophysics
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A candidate of a type-2 QSO at z=0.9: Large X-ray absorption with a strong broad-H-alpha emission line

Publication Date Nov 2, 2001

Abstract

Deep hard X-ray and near infrared observations of a type-2 radio-quiet QSO candidate at z=0.9, AXJ08494+4454, are reported. The 0.5-10keV Chandra X-ray Observatory spectrum of AXJ08494+4454 is hard, and is explained well with a power-law continuum absorbed by a hydrogen column density of 2x10^23 cm^-2. The 2-10keV luminosity of the object reaches hard X-ray luminosity of QSOs. The large X-ray absorption and the large intrinsic luminosity support the original identification of AXJ08494+4454 as a type-2 radio-quiet QSO. Nevertheless, the deep Subaru/IRCS J-band spectroscopic observation suggests the presence of a strong broad H-alpha emission line from AXJ08494+4454. If real, the broad H-alpha emission line has a velocity width of 9400+-1000 km/s, which corresponds to a typical broad-Balmer line velocity width of a luminous QSO. The existence of the strong broad H-alpha line means that the object is not a type-2 QSO, but a luminous cousin of a Seyfert 1.9 galaxy in the source-frame optical spectrum. The Balmer decrement of broad lines, and the broad H-alpha emission to the hard X-ray luminosity ratio suggest that the nucleus is affected by dust extinction with A_V of 1-3 mag in the optical wavelength. The estimated amount of dust extinction is much smaller than that expected from the X-ray column density.

Concepts

Type-2 QSO Large X-ray Absorption Broad H-alpha Emission Line Broad Line Broad H-alpha Emission X-ray Column Density Hard X-ray Luminosity Strong H-alpha Broad H-alpha Broad Emission Line

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