SLEEP | VOL. 44
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425 Investigating the Utility of Routine Carbon Dioxide Measurements During Polysomnography in the Evaluation of Obese Adult Patients

Publication Date May 1, 2021

Abstract

Abstract Introduction With the increasing prevalence of obesity, the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) have also increased. Adding routine transcutaneous carbon dioxide (TcCO2) or end-tidal carbon dioxide sensors (EtCO2) may add beneficial information to the polysomnogram (PSG) and expand the diagnostic and treatment capabilities in this population. Our study looks at the use of this parameter in obese adults on whom CO2monitoring has been used. Methods We performed a retrospective chart review of obese adult patients (body mass index [BMI] >30) undergoing a PSG. We documented the EtCO2 values at baseline (supine awake) and during sleep. Correlations between the EtCO2 readings and BMI were reviewed. We excluded patients that had poor EtCO2 waveforms and patients with known preexisting hypoventilation syndromes, such a COPD. Results Fifty patients were identified between January and November 2020 at the Memorial Hermann Sleep Center. 54% were female and 46% were male with an average age of 55.3 years (range 26–73) and an average BMI for the cohort of 40.1 (SD +/-9.5). The average AHI on the diagnostic study (CMS criteria) was 30.9 events/hour (SD +/- 43) and the average oxygen desaturation nadir was 79%. Sixteen patients (32%) met diagnostic criteria for OHS based on the baseline awa...

Concepts
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Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Diagnosis Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Adult Patients
CO2 Monitoring
Obese Adult Patients
Average AHI
CMS Criteria
EtCO2 Values
Adult Patient Population

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