Arthritis Research & Therapy | VOL. 23
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18 F-FDG positron emission tomography scanning in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease: a pilot study.

Publication Date Mar 6, 2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND Interstitial lung disease is a common complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc-ILD), and it remains difficult to accurately predict its course. Progressing ILD could be more metabolically active, suggesting that the 18F-FDG tracer could be a tool in the managing of SSc-ILD. METHODS In our center, SSc patients and controls (non-Hodgkin lymphoma cured after first-line regimen) who had received a PET/CT were screened retrospectively. The FDG uptake (visual intensity, pattern, SUVmax) was systematically recorded in > 30 regions of interest (ROIs) linked to SSc in a blind reviewing by 2 independent nuclear medicine physicians using a standardized form. RESULTS Among the 545 SSc patients followed up in our center, 36, including 22 SSc-ILDs, had a PET/CT, whose indication was cancer screening in most cases. The mean ± SD age was 57.9 ± 13.0 years with 20/36 females. Fourteen patients had a disease duration of less than 2 years. A third had anti-centromere antibodies and 27.8% had anti-topoisomerase antibodies. Pulmonary FDG uptakes were higher in SSc patients than in controls (n = 89), especially in those with ILD compared with those without ILD. Pulmonary FDG uptakes were positively correlated with the ILD severity (fibrosis extent, %FVC, and %DLCO). No significant difference was found in the FDG uptakes from extrathoracic ROIs. Progressing SSc-ILDs within the 2 years after PET/CT (n = 9) had significant higher pulmonary FDG uptakes at baseline than stable SSc-ILDs (n = 13). CONCLUSION PET/CT could be a useful tool in th...

Concepts

Systemic Sclerosis-associated Interstitial Lung Disease SSc Patients FDG Uptakes Pulmonary Uptakes Anti-topoisomerase Antibodies ILD Severity Regions Of Interest Anti-centromere Antibodies Interstitial Lung Disease Fibrosis Extent

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